Shigella boydii is a bacteria. It can be identified through a gram staining technique and will stain pink. By staining pink, the bacteria is identified as a gram negative bacteria. It is a non-motile bacteria, meaning that it lacks fimbrae and flagellum and cannot move throughout its environment. It is bacillus, meaning that it is a rod-shaped bacteria.
Shigella boydii is usually found in the human intestine. It is transmitted through fecal oral transmission and spreads in area where proper hygiene procedures are not followed. This bacteria is particularly prevalent in Mexico and India and has been found on fruits and vegetables. Since the bacteria can be transmitted through waste products, produce growing in manure can carry the bacteria and infect others. Washing produce can prevent transmission of the bacteria. Also cooking, will kill the bacteria.
Research has given scientists reason to think that Shigella boydii is related to Escherichia coli. The genetic code of both bacterial strains is similar and they have similar structures and functions. Although it is difficult to state that conclusively, further research will reveal whether the two bacteria belong to the same family.
Shigella boydii is a facultative anaerobe, meaning that it can live in the presence of oxygen as well as in atmospheres devoid of oxygen. In the intestine is an anaerobic environment, but when the bacteria leaves the body with waste products, it can survive due to the presence of catalase which allows the bacteria to use oxygen for its metabolic processes.