Streptococcus faecalis is a type of streptococcus and streptococcus are a gram positive bacteria belonging to the lactic acid bacteria group. Streptococcus bacteria grow in pairs, or, chains because of their type of cellular division which is a division along a single axis. Streptococcus faecalis has been reclassified as Enterococcus faecalis. In addition to being gram positive it is also a commensal bacteria that lives in a mammal’s gastrointestinal tract.
E. faecalis is found in diseased teeth needing or having had root canal treatment. E. faecalis can and does ferment glucose. E. faecilis is nonmotile which is something like non-mobile, it means the life form does not move around with spontaneity while using energy and the word is used when describing simple organisms or single celled ones. E. faecilis is also a facultative anaerobic bacterium that manufactures Adenosine Tri-Phosphate from oxygen or uses fermentation if no oxygen is present to sustain its needs. A fermentation process gets energy from an oxidation process that involve organic compounds, something that is immediately available like carbohydrates or sugars in the stomach.
Some diseases caused E. Faecalis are endocarditis, an inflammation inside of a person’s heart in the endocardium often including problems in the heart’s valves, the interventricular septum, the chordae tendineae or the mural endocardium, urinary tract infections, pneumonia or meningitis. Sometimes the E. faecalis bacteria invade the site of surgical incision, cause a blood stream infection or infect the urinary tract due to the trauma of a catheter. One more problem that can come about is bacteremia which means the bad bacteria have gotten into the blood.
The Streptococcus faecalis or E. faecalis will resist many antimicrobial agents, including aminoglycosides, aztreonam, cephalosporins, clindamycin, trimetthoprim-sulfamethoxazoe, nafcillin and oxacillin. More problems are the currently common resistance to vancomycin.
E. faecalis can be used as a probiotic for making supplements or yogurt products. E. faecalis is a lactic acid bacteria and it can help reduce symptoms when a person is lactose intolerant. The products created with this bacteria are useful for clearing diarrhea and for stimulating the immune system. Products fermented with the E. faecalis bacteria will help to balance the intestinal microflora.