Treponema Pallidum

The Treponema pallidum bacteria are the bacteria that infect victims with the veneral disease known as syphilis as well as the diseases pinta, yaws and bejel. The Treponema pallidum are sprirochaete bacterium, meaning they form a spiral shape individually.

Bejel infects the skin of its victims, but is not spread by sexual contact, instead it is caused by oral contact or by the joint use of personal eating utensils. Treponema pallidum endemicum cannot be distinguished from simple Treponema pallidum, by doing standard tests in the laboratory, it is mainly recognized for the fact that it only affects the skin and usually begins in childhood. The infection begins in the mouth as a mucous patch and then moves on to the arms, legs and trunk. After a while the infection may create a swelling and inflammation of the person’s leg bones and gummas, which are broad lesions, on the soft palate and nose, but, first there will be the lesions on the arms, legs and trunk. Bejel victims are concentrated in West Africa with more cases found in the eastern part of Italy and other Mediterranean spots. Bejel can be remedied with penicillin or various other antibiotics.

The disease known as pinta is caused by the Treponema pallidum carateum bacteria, another bacteria that can’t be distinguished from Treponema pallidum other than by the type of infection it causes. This form of Treponema pallidum, once again, causes a skin problem. The skin problem here is the formation of a papule. The papule presents itself somewhere on the skin after contact with the bacteria, usually skin to skin contact. After several months, roughly three-nine months, the papule becomes dry and flaky and the skin all over the entire body breaks out in pintids which are flattened lesions. The whole thing finally clears up except for in a few people who will suffer from pigment changes. To prevent the problems associated with pinta, treatment can begin after a positive diagnosis via tests involving blood serum like the Rapid Plasma Reagin or the Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay. This infection is found amid people in Mexico, South America and Central America. Health officials record individuals who have pinta and interested persons can contact health officials in these areas to help themselves avoid contact. The drugs used to treat pinta include tetracycline, penicillin or chloramphenicol.

Hot temperatures seem to be much of the problem with this bacteria. Yaws, an infection induced by the bacteria known as Treponema pallidum pertenue, attacks the joints, skin and bones of its carriers. It is found in South America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. Yaws is considered to be a tropical infection. This disorder is treatable.

When the bacterium Treponema pallidum takes on the form of Syphilis in the body it can masquerade as other problems, but it comes about through sexual contact with lesions that carry the infection or the bacteria. This can also pass from mother to child during pregnancy or birth. The first sign of this is a chancre sore, which is a somewhat hardened sore place on the skin that causes little or no pain or itching, yet looks very sore. The next stage of this infection is a rash all over the bottoms of the feet and palms. Syphilis can reach a latent stage where there are no symptoms and then escalate into a tertiary stage with many problems such as neurological problems, sore and inflamed gummas and heart problems. A person can be tested for syphilis via blood tests.